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Heart Disease (at risk of)

Condition

Heart disease is still the most prevalent in our society but fortunately we are getting better every day at assessing the individual risk.

Heart Disease and the Risk of Heart Disease

There are many contributing factors to heart disease. 

 

Age – The older you get, the more likely you are to develop heart disease. This is because aging increases the risk of damaged and/or narrowed arteries and weakened or thickened heart muscle.

 

Gender – Men are more likely to develop heart disease, although a woman's risk increases after the menopause. Also, there is a gender difference when it comes to symptoms of heart disease and also a discrepancy in complication and survival rate.

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Family History – A family history of heart disease, particularly in those aged before 55 (men) or 65 (women) indicates an increased risk of coronary artery disease.

Smoking – Smoking increases the risk of clogging the arteries as nicotine constricts your blood vessels and carbon monoxide damages their inner lining.

Cancer Treatments – Certain chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapies may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Poor Diet – A diet that is high in fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol can increase the risk of heart disease.

High Blood Pressure – Unchecked and controlled high blood pressure can harden and thicken arteries, narrowing the vessels through which blood flows.

High Cholesterol – High cholesterol can cause a narrowing of the arteries, increasing the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

Diabetes – Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease as both conditions share similar risk factors.

Obesity – Carrying excess weight can contribute to a greater risk of heart disease.

Lack of Physical Activity – Regular exercise, even gentle walks, can reduce the risk of heart disease.

 

What are the symptoms of the risk of heart disease?

Breathlessness, chest pain, aches in the chest or pressure on the chest, dizziness or blackouts and palpitations are all symptoms associated with heart disease.

Some indicate more serious conditions than others, but prolonged experience of these symptoms indicates that you may have some form of heart disease and should therefore seek medical attention.

Some patients may have advanced underlying disease without any symptoms. These patients with a high level of risk factors for coronary disease may elect to undergo screening tests even in the absence of symptoms.

What assessment do I need if I have a risk of heart disease?

An initial consultation will explore your health history and any heart conditions suffered by closely-related family members. Then it is likely you will have an electrocardiogram (ECG) test, an echocardiogram and a bicycle stress test.

If these tests indicate that a heart condition is present, then further screening and tests may be required to determine the exact nature of your condition and most suitable course of treatment.

 

What are the treatments for the risk of heart disease?

The tests and treatments for heart disease are varied depending upon the exact condition that has been diagnosed. Please refer to the individual conditions pages as well as the treatments listed for further information.

  • Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM)

  • Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Catheter Ablation

  • Atrial Flutter Ablation

  • ASD / PFO Closure

  • Bioresorbable Scaffolds (Stents)

  • Carotid Doppler

  • Coronary Angiogram

  • Coronary Angioplasty

  • CTCA Scan & Calcium Score

  • Echocardiogram (TTE)

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) Test

  • Electrophysiology (EP) Study

  • Event Recording, 1-6 weeks

  • Exercise Tolerance Testing

  • Healthy Heart Screening

  • Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD)

  • Implantable Loop Recorder (ILR)

  • MRI Scan / CMR Scan

  • Pacemaker & Implanting a Pacemaker

  • Stress Echocardiography

  • Tilt Table Test

  • Transoesophageal Echocardiogram (TOE)

 

What interventions/ treatments does CardioCare offer for the risk of heart disease?

CardioCare offers comprehensive cardiology consultations and all non-invasive and minimally invasive diagnostic tests to determine your diagnosis accurately.

We offer specialized consultations to assess the risk for heart disease under special conditions, like our OncoCardiology Unit, specialized on the short term and long term effect of oncologic treatments on the heart.

Our check-up programs are designed for several levels of cardio-vascular health screening.

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